Tuesday, December 7, 2021
Monday, May 31, 2021
Robert Lee Garrett
Second Lieutenant Robert Lee Garret was born on Wednesday 3 April 1918. He was the son of Chester and Hazel Garrett. The family called him Bobby, and he had a brother named John. They lived on Rural Route #3 in Norman, Oklahoma. Bobby entered the US Army as an enlisted man on 2 December 1941. He later went to Officer's Training School and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant on 28 May 1943. He became a pilot in the United States Army Air Force, and was assigned to the 785th Bomber Squadron of the 466 Bomber Group of the Eighth Air Force.
On Thursday 23 March 1944, Lt. Garrett was piloting a B-24 Liberator nicknamed the Shoo Shoo Baby when it departed from its base at Attlebridge on a mission to bomb an airfield in Western Germany. It was the squadron's second mission, and the weather conditions were unfavorable. En route to its target, the relatively inexperienced squadron flying in bad weather suffered a horrific accident. High in the skies above the Province of Overijssel in the Netherlands, the Shoo Shoo Baby collided in mid-air with the Dark Rhapsody, another B-24 from the same squadron. The Shoo Shoo Baby crashed into a small lake called the Boschwijde (Boswiede in the local dialect) about three miles east of Vollenhove. All nine of the crewmembers of the Dark Rhapsody and six of the crewmembers of the Shoo Shoo Baby were killed in the collision and crash.
Wicher Rozeboom and Harm Jordens, two Dutch civilians who lived near the lake, heard the crash and set out in a rowboat to search for survivors. They found Bobby Garrett, Billy Boyer and Howard King who were still alive and floating in the water. Rozeboom and Jordens took the three aviators to the home of Jannes Ziel. A few days later, they were brought to the Dutch Resistance group led by Peter van den Hurk.
The Dutch Resistance brought the three Americans to Belgium, and handed them off to the "Comet Line. The Comet Line was a network of over 1,000 civilians who guided downed Allied airmen south through Belgium and France, across the Pyrenees to neutral Spain, from which they could return to England. The three thus headed south on the way back to England. It was a dangerous trek. The Germans captured Boyer along the way and he spent the rest of the war in a POW camp. However, Garrett and King continued.
By May of 1944, Garrett had made it to Liège, where he stayed with a family for three weeks. While there, he wrote a long letter to his mother describing how wonderful everyone in the Resistance had been to him, and how grateful he was to the people who were sheltering him. Of course, with the war in full swing, the letter could not be delivered, and his mother only received the letter after the war.
In June, Garrett was brought to Queue-du-Bois to stay in the home of Joseph Bourdouxhe. Bourdouxhe was a sixty-one year old farmer who lived on the rue de la Paix 4 with his son Jean and Jeans wife. By the time Garrett arrived at the Bourdouxhe family home, the Allies had invaded Normandy and it was clear that the Allied armies were on their way to Belgium. The Comet Line reasoned that it made more sense for downed airmen to stay put and wait for the Allied armies to reach Belgium than it did to make the dangerous journey to Spain. So, Garrett remained at the Bourdouxhe family home for the summer, and friendship bloomed. The Bourdouxhes came to consider Bobby as one of the family, and he lived as a member of the family.
The Allies liberated Brussels on 4 September 1944, and they were on the way to Queue-du-Bois. Although the Nazis began to retreat from the area around Liège, they were still occupying Queue-du-Bois. At 8.00 am on Thursday 7 September, Bobby Garrett was working with Madame Bourdouxhe in the orchard on the family farm, helping with the family chores. He was dressed in civilian clothes, and by all outward appearances, looked like a simple Belgian civilian farmer collecting fruit. A retreating German vehicle with SS on board drove by on the road next to the orchard. One of the SS saw the young man working on the trees. He took aim at Bobby Garrett, and shot him dead, obviously believing Bobby to be a Belgian civilian. It was a simple, cold-blooded murder, like so many others that the SS perpetrated against the Belgian civilian population during the war.
Just three days later, Sunday 10 September, the 33rd Field Artillery Battalion of the First Infantry Division liberated Queue-du-Bois. The next day the Bourdouxhe family buried Bobby in their family tomb in the village cemetery.
Immediately after the war was over in Europe, the Bourdouxhe family began corresponding with the Garrett family, and they sent Bobbys personal effects to his parents. Bobby's brother John C. Garrett was himself a Sergeant in the US Army serving in Asia. In July of 1945, John wrote a letter to the Bourdouxhe family to thank them for what they had done for his brother. At the time, the war in Europe was over, but the war in Asia was still underway. John wrote:
I’m proud that you considered my brother one of your family. I know my brother gave his life gladly to restore peace to you and all of us and I’m glad it wasn’t in vain. I only wish as you that he could have seen the end and the joy in the faces of the millions of people that have suffered so much in these troubled times. May the war end here soon so that we can be with our wives and children once more . God bless all of you and it would make me very proud if you would consider myself as part of your family.
In September of 1945, his mother Hazel wrote this in a letter to the Bourdouxhe family:
Last year, during the anxious months of waiting each nite [sic.] when I prayed for his safety, I prayed too for the protection and guidance of those who were taking care of him; for I always believed he was alive and with friends. Now I know that some of my prayers were answered . I am so very grateful to all of you who helped care for Bobby, who made those months a little happier for him. I am grateful also to your city and country.
Unbeknownst to the Garrett family, the U.S. Army disinterred Bobby and moved him to the Netherlands American Cemetery in Margraten on 4 March 1946. Jean Bourdouxhe wrote a letter breaking the news to Bobby's father, who was later officially notified of the transfer by the War Department. Bobby's removal from the Bourdouxhe family tomb deeply distressed Chester Garrett, who "protested as strongly as possible to the Army about his son's disinterment that he did not authorize. He began a letter campaign to have his son's remains returned to Queue-du-Bois to rest in peace among Bobby's Belgian friends.
The village of Queue-du-Bois supported this request. The burgomaster wrote to the United State Embassy in Belgium, offering to set aside a place of honor for Bobby in the veterans section of the village cemetery. The village also offered to assume all expenses for the reburial as well as the expenses for the upkeep of the grave.
In June of 1948, the Department of the Army agreed to comply with the wishes of Bobby's family. On 29 March 1949, Bobby was disinterred from the cemetery at Margraten and returned to Queue-du-Bois. He was laid to rest with honors by the Belgian people who had sheltered him, befriended him, and made him part of their family.
Jerome Sheridan wrote the story above, drawing on the following sources:
The IDPF of Second Lieutenant Robert Lee Garrett.
Teunis Schuurman, http://www.teunispats.net/jack-edward-gibbs.htm(link is external).
Various histories of the Eighth Air Force
Friday, April 23, 2021
Friday, April 16, 2021
The Friends of the National World War II Memorial has long been the organization that has managed education and commemoration efforts for this premier WWII memorial in the country. This nonprofit was created back in 2007 with the goal of preserving the legacy, lessons, and scarifies of our Greatest Generation. Its list of contributors reads like a who's who of all things related to World War II.
Stories Behind the Stars is honored to be part of this network. This Saturday, at noon Eastern Time, I will be making a presentation about the mission of Stories Behind the Stars as part of their monthly education series. This is the link to register: https://www.wwiimemorialteachers.org/education-series
By registering, you will get a link to the recording if you can't participate live.
Be sure to share with anyone who may be interested...more
Thursday, February 25, 2021
Saturday, February 20, 2021
Owen was born On August 10, 1920 in Salt Lake City, Utah to Joseph McAllister and Vera Bennion. He had two brothers Warren, and Gerald and one sister Bella.
In 1940 Owen was in his first year of college at the University of Utah. He enlisted on September 29, 1941 and took flight training at Cal-Aero and Victorville pilot training schools in California. In April of 1942 he received his commission and in August was assigned to the South West Pacific...more
Wednesday, February 10, 2021
James Albert Mabante was born on July 25, 1920 in Nogales, Arizona. His parents Rufino Mabante and Constanza Romero were born in Mexico and California, respectively. His father was a steelworker.
James had 2 brothers, Charles and Frank and 2 sisters, Carmen and Virginia. By 1940 James was in his third year of high school was 19 years old and working at Callahan Lead and Zinc Mining, Washington Camp.
He enlisted June 3, 1942 at Nogales, AZ and was attached to the 15th USAAF, 348th Bombardment Squadron, 99 AAF Bombardment Group (heavy) as a (Gunner 5) waist gunner...more
Friday, January 29, 2021
Aubrey was born August 4, 1920 in West Monroe, Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, one of three brothers including Hodge and Edward. His father L. Carsey Garrett, born in Alabama was a blacksmith for the Missouri Pacific Railroad, his mother, Connor a homemaker born in Louisiana.
In 1940 Aubrey had already graduated from Ouachita Parish High School and was a locomotive fireman for the Missouri Pacific Railroad. He married Lillian Martha Marhefka on August 1, 1939 and their daughter, Diane was born in 1942.
Aubrey enlisted in the Army Air Corps on February 15, 1942...more
Wednesday, January 20, 2021
Wayland D. Campbell - U.S.S. Indianapolis
Wayland Campbell was born on the 28th Of October, 1921 in Rosedale, OK in Okfuskee county.
His father was Alph Campbell, farmer, his mother was Rabie a homemaker. Wayland had one sister, Velva and one brother, Billy. Wayland was a member of the FFA (Future Farmers of America) as was his sister, Velva. Wayland won several awards for his prized hogs and farming ability.
He worked for the NYA Boys Resident Project in Okmulgee, OK
Wayland enlisted in the Navy on the 3rd of September 1942 in Oklahoma City, OK By the 8th of November 1942 he was aboard the USS Henderson sailing out of San Francisco to Pearl Harbor...more
Sunday, January 17, 2021
Friday, January 15, 2021
I wrote about the project here, on July 7th 2020 and soon joined as a biographer of some of these heroes. I chose to profile the 45th Division Thunderbirds out of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma because I happen to live in Oklahoma at the present time. What an honor it has been to learn and write about these seemingly very ordinary people who were asked to do extraordinary things, and didn't hesitate.
We are now going to start biographing the heroes of D-Day at Normandy, France code name Operation Overlord. Too many heroes died at Normandy, they were from the 1st Infantry Division, the 4th Infantry Division, the 29th Infantry Division, the 82nd Airborne Division, the 101st Airborne Division, and the 2nd Ranger Battalion to name a few.
In the meantime I'm going to share some of the profiles I have written, maybe it will inspire you to join our group of writers and researchers, or to learn about these people that made sure we are free, the cost: their lives.
The very first biography I did was about a young man named James Mabante, I hope you enjoy his story.
James Mabante - 49 Missions, Almost Home